Current Issue (Vol 2, January-December Issue)
Accountability of Reviewers and Academic Credit Points
Amit Vasant Mahuli
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The 21st century marks the growth of scientific communication, literature, and transparency through advanced technology. With every passing year, the number of scientific journals in biomedical science are on the rise. The quality assurance of the scientific literature is significant when putting in public domain. Most of the journals are peer reviewed for the same reason and also follow a strict code of blinding in the review process.

How to Cite: Mahuli AV. Accountability of reviewers and academic credit points. Int J Dent Health Concern 2016;1(2):1.

Received: 03.10.2016

Accepted: 04.11.2016

Odontoma with 63 Teeth and Autologous Platelet Rich Fibrin-novel Approach
Shetty Lakshmi, Sabhlok Samrat, Setiya Sneha, Bongulwar Ravindra
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Odontomas associated with permanent central maxillary incisor where the surgical removal of the odontoma is needed for the eruption of the central incisor is a challenging task. This case report highlights the above with the use of autologous platelet rich fibrin (APRF) into the area of excision of compound composite odontoma to enhance healing, which has never been reported earlier in literature. A 9-year-old female patient reported to our department with a swelling in the buccal alveolar bone corresponding to 51 and 52, with missing central incisor. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) revealed odontoma with respect to non-erupted 11. The decision of saving the 11 was taken, and surgical excision of odontoma was done. The site was packed with APRF derived from centrifuging the patient’s own blood. The permanent central incisor was saved during the removal of the compound composite odontoma. The post-operative healing in terms of APRF being used in the surgical site was appreciable after 6 months follow-up. This novel technique of using APRF in the enucleated site of an odontoma was perceived successful.

Key words: Compound composite odontoma, permanent central incisor, platelet rich fibrin

How to Cite: Lakshmi S, Samrat S, Sneha S, Ravindra B. Odontoma with 63 Teeth and Autologous Platelet Rich Fibrin-novel Approach. Int J Dent Health Concern 2016;1(2):1-3.

Received: 04.05.2015

Accepted: 07.08.2015

Apoptosis: A Prognostic Marker in Oral Epithelial Dysplasia and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Pallavi Kesarwani, Anand Choudhary, Renuka Gupta
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Introduction: Oral cancer is a major health problem especially in India. In cancer, the equilibrium between proliferation and apoptosis is disturbed. The defect in apoptotic pathway allows cells to proliferate with genetic abnormalities. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the significance of apoptotic index (AI) as a putative prognostic marker in oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

Materials and Methods: Study constituted of 60 previously histopathologically confirmed cases, 30 cases of OED and 30 cases of OSCC of different histopathological grades. A uniform section of 3-4 ìm thickness was cut from all the blocks and was then stained using hematoxylin and eosin stains. AI was assessed using a binocular research light microscope. The results were sent for statistical analysis using Student’s t-test.

Results: The mean AI increased progressively with increasing grades of OED and decreased with increasing grades of OSCC. A maximum mean AI was reported in well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (WDSCC) 0.7600. The results observed were significant (P < 0.001) on comparing WDSCC with moderately differentiated SCC (MDSCC) and with poorly differentiated SCC (PDSCC) but were insignificant on comparing MDSCC with PDSCC.

Conclusion: This suggest tumors that exhibit less apoptosis tend to show aggressive behavior, hence AI can offer an idea about the nature and course of the lesion. Thereby helping in prognosis and predicting its outcome.

Key words: Apoptosis, apoptotic index, dysplasia, oral squamous cell carcinoma

How to Cite: Kesarwani P, Choudhary A, Gupta R. Apoptosis: A Prognostic Marker in Oral Epithelial Dysplasia and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Int J Dent Health Concern 2016;1(2):1-4.

Received: 25.06.2015

Accepted: 05.08.2015

Comparison of Oral Health Knowledge and Attitude among Immigrant Tibetan and Indian Pre-school Teachers/Caretakers in Bylakuppe
A. Aravind, Jithesh Jain, S. R. Ananda, K. N. Abhishek, Kiran Mathai, V. Surya
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Introduction: Early childhood caries is a multi-factorial disease occurring during childhood with socio-cultural and socio-economic determinants. School teachers play an important role in influencing children to adopt healthy oral lifestyles, and they also have a great role in imparting awareness about the etiology and prevention of common oral ailments.

Objectives: To evaluate and compare oral health attitude and oral health knowledge of local Indian and immigrant Tibetan pre-school caretakers and teachers.

Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional and self-administered questionnaire study was conducted by including a total of 62 Indian and 9 Tibetan pre-schools were there in Bylakuppe with 124 Indian and 36 immigrant Tibetan pre-school teachers/caretakers. Questionnaire in Kannada language was distributed among pre-school teachers and was collected back on the same day and ensured 100% response. Tibetan pre-schools were visited for distributing the Tibetan questionnaire. Questionnaire in Tibetan language was distributed and was collected back on the same day and ensured 100% response. Descriptive statistics were computed. The comparison was made using Chi-square test.

Results: A significant difference in attitude and knowledge levels was present between immigrant Tibetan and the local Indian teachers/caretakers.

Conclusion: The assessment of oral health knowledge among the caretakers and pre-school teachers showed that they were ill informed and lacked knowledge. On comparison, this crosssectional study showed that Indians have a slightly better knowledge than Tibetans.

Key words: Early childhood caries, Milk teeth, Child, Healthy oral life style

How to Cite: Aravind A, Jain J, Ananda SR, Abhishek KN, Mathai K, Surya V. Comparison of oral health knowledge and attitude among immigrant Tibetan and Indian pre-school teachers/ caretakers in Bylakuppe. Int J Dent Health Concern 2016;1(2):1-6.

Received: 12.04.2015

Accepted: 18.07.2015

Assessment of Oral Health Status and Normative Treatment Needs of Residents of Nimbut Village, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Saurabh P. Kakade, Sahana Hegde-Shetiya, Amit Vasant Mahuli, Simpy Amit Mahuli, Deepti Agrawal
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Introduction: Poor oral health is an important public health issue of the world and as considerable one in India. Oral problems are not only causing pain, agony, functional, and esthetic problems but also lead to loss of working man-hours. Hence, the study was carried out to assess the normative oral health need of residents of Nimbut village in Pune district of the state of Maharashtra, India.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted. The World Health Organization (WHO) oral health assessment form 1997 pro forma was used to assess oral health status. Using systematic random sampling technique recruitment of 625 (125 participants per ward of each WHO age group) were assessed for oral health status.

Results: About 336 (53.8%) participants with the presence of calculus and this was found to be highest in the 12-15 years old. The presence of pockets was seen to be highest in 35-44 years old. There were 85 (58.21%) participants with mean number of 2.06 per person carious teeth in 5 years old. There were 277 (63.5%) participants with mean number of 1.69 teeth per person carious and out of which majority belong to 35-44 years old. There were 43 (6.9%) participants who were edentulous. The participants requiring various curative and preventive treatment needs were found to be high. Pre-cancerous lesions and conditions such as leukoplakia (14.88%) and oral sub-mucosal fibrosis were detected.

Conclusion: The lack of awareness and motivation of having good oral health are the burning issues in this population. There is a need for primary public oral health measure to be made available to one who really needs it and that is in the rural parts of India. Oral health program planning and intensive measures for implementation are must especially for rural India.

Key words: Needs assessment, oral health status, rural India

How to Cite: Kakade SP, Hegde-Shetiya S, Mahuli AV, Mahuli SA, Agrawal D. Assessment of oral health status and normative treatment needs of residents of Nimbut Village, Pune, Maharashtra, India. Int J Dent Health Concern 2016;1(2):1-5.

Received: 18.05.2015

Accepted: 02.07.2015

Use of Internet among Dental Students and Staff in Kerala: A Cross-sectional Study
Aashly M. Satheesan, Anzil K. S. Ali, Kiran Mathai, S. Supreetha, P. Y. Aidha, Aishwarya V. Nair
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Background: The social media enable students to exchange video files text messages and knowledge sharing. They provide the students a chance to improve social networking and learning processes, which promotes knowledge in society.

Aim: The aim was to assess the use of internet among dental students and staff in Kerala.

Materials and Methods: The study used a well-structured questionnaire containing 23 questions and was distributed among 211 students and 43 staff during the month of January 2016.

Results: Wikipedia is the most recommended site for dental reference followed by Slide Share especially for presentations and articles. About 60.63% participants are positively affected by the internet on studies and professional work. The younger dentists surf the internet more for references and self-updating; moreover, prefer using the latest updates from the internet over regular textbooks for teaching.

Conclusion: The study inferred a positive influence of internet over the individuals. Thus, the internet has its benefits not merely over personal life but also over professional purposes.

Key words: Academics, dental, internet, social media

How to Cite: Satheesan AM, Ali AK, Mathai K, Supreetha S, Aidha PY, Nair AV. Use of Internet among Dental Students and Staff in Kerala: A Crosssectional Study. Int J Dent Health Concern 2016;1(2):1-4.

Received: 13.05.2015

Accepted: 12.08.2015

Pathological Alterations Associated with Radiographically Normal Follicular Tissues in Third Molar Impactions
Pallavi Kesarwani, Anand Choudhary
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Objective: The objective of this study was to assess and evaluate the incidence of pathological conditions associated with impacted third molars (ITM) and to determine the association between the pathological conditions with patientfs age, gender, site and angular position.

Methodology: This case-control study comprised a collection of the dental follicle (DF) from 80 ITM from 68 patients with follicular space .2.5 mm as measured from the digital panoramic radiograph. All the DF were excised carefully and sent for histopathological examination. All the compiled data were sent for statistical analysis using Chi-square test. The P < 0.001 was considered as significant.

Results: Out of 80 follicles which were evaluated histopathologically, 37 were of male and 43 were of female patients with their age ranging between 18 and 50 years with a mean age of about 34 years. The pathological alteration was found associated with 26 (32.5%) follicles which were found to be statistically significant (P < 0.001). The pathologies were almost equally reported in both the genders with slight female predominance and a bit higher in the mandible than maxilla but could not gain statistical significance. On comparing ITM with their angular position, the results were statistically significant (P < 0.001). Pathological lesions were most commonly associated distoangular and horizontally ITM.

Conclusion: The results of this study justify that radiographically normal appearing follicle may not suggest the absence of disease in the peri-coronal area. Therefore, it is recommended that regular evaluation of all ITM is required to prevent future development of pathologies.

Key words: Ameloblastoma, dental follicle, dentigerous cyst, impacted third molars, odontogenic keratocyst

How to Cite: Kesarwani P, Choudhary A. Pathological Alterations Associated with Radiographically Normal Follicular Tissues in Third Molar Impactions. Int J Dent Health Concern 2016;1(2):1-5.

Received: 22 August 2016

Accepted: 26 October 2016

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